News & Events

1,274 News items and Awards found.



Learn about the MERL Seminar Series.



  •  NEWS    Abraham Vinod serves as a panelist at the Student Networking Event at American Control Conference 2023
    Date: June 1, 2023
    Where: San Diego, CA
    MERL Contact: Abraham P. Vinod
    Research Areas: Control, Optimization
    Brief
    • The student networking event provides an opportunity for all interested students attending American Control Conference 2023 to receive career advice from professionals working in industry, academia, and national laboratories during a structured event. The event aims to provide an engaging experience to students that illustrates the benefits of involvement in the control community and encourage their continued participation as the future leaders in the field.
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  •  NEWS    MERL researchers present 10 papers at the American Control Conference (ACC)
    Date: May 31, 2023 - June 2, 2023
    Where: San Diego, CA
    MERL Contacts: Karl Berntorp; Ankush Chakrabarty; Vedang M. Deshpande; Stefano Di Cairano; Marcus Greiff; Devesh K. Jha; Christopher R. Laughman; Marcel Menner; Rien Quirynen; Arvind Raghunathan; Diego Romeres; Abraham P. Vinod; Yebin Wang; Avishai Weiss
    Research Areas: Control, Machine Learning, Optimization
    Brief
    • MERL will present 10 papers at the American Control Conference (ACC) in San Diego, CA, with topics including autonomous-vehicle decision making and control, physics-informed machine learning, motion planning, control subject to nonconvex chance constraints, and optimal power management. Two talks are part of tutorial sessions.
      MERL will also be present at the conference as a sponsor, with a booth for discussing with researchers and students, and hosting a special session at lunch with highlights of MERL research and work philosophy.
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  •  NEWS    MERL Researchers Organize Two MiniSymposia and Five Invited Talks at the 2023 SIAM Conference on Optimization
    Date: May 31, 2023 - June 3, 2023
    Where: 2023 SIAM Conference on Optimization
    MERL Contacts: Devesh K. Jha; Arvind Raghunathan
    Research Areas: Control, Optimization, Robotics
    Brief
    • Arvind Raghunathan, Senior Team Leader and Senior Principal Research Scientist in Optimization & Intelligent Robotics team, will organize two minisymposia at the 2023 SIAM Conference on Optimization to be held in Seattle from May 31 to June 3. The two minisymposia titled "Optimization in Control – Algorithms, Applications, and Software" and "New Algorithmic Techniques for Global Optimization" will feature twelve invited speakers from academia and national labs.

      Additionally, Arvind together with Devesh Jha, Principal Research Scientist in Optimization & Intelligent Robotics Team, and collaborators will present five invited talks covering the topics of algorithms for convex programs, multilinear programs, mixed-integer nonlinear programs, and robotics.

      See:
      https://meetings.siam.org/sess/dsp_programsess.cfm?SESSIONCODE=76268
      https://meetings.siam.org/sess/dsp_programsess.cfm?SESSIONCODE=76269
      https://meetings.siam.org/sess/dsp_programsess.cfm?SESSIONCODE=76270
      https://meetings.siam.org/sess/dsp_programsess.cfm?SESSIONCODE=76256
      https://meetings.siam.org/sess/dsp_programsess.cfm?SESSIONCODE=75897
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  •  NEWS    MERL Researchers Present Thirteen Papers at the 2023 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)
    Date: May 29, 2023 - June 2, 2023
    Where: 2023 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)
    MERL Contacts: Anoop Cherian; Radu Corcodel; Siddarth Jain; Devesh K. Jha; Toshiaki Koike-Akino; Tim K. Marks; Daniel N. Nikovski; Kei Ota; Arvind Raghunathan; Diego Romeres
    Research Areas: Computer Vision, Machine Learning, Optimization, Robotics
    Brief
    • MERL researchers will present thirteen papers, including eight main conference papers and five workshop papers, at the 2023 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) to be held in London, UK from May 29 to June 2. ICRA is one of the largest and most prestigious conferences in the robotics community. The papers cover a broad set of topics in Robotics including estimation, manipulation, vision-based object recognition and segmentation, tactile estimation and tool manipulation, robotic food handling, robot skill learning, and model-based reinforcement learning.

      In addition to the paper presentations, MERL robotics researchers will also host an exhibition booth and look forward to discussing our research with visitors.
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  •  NEWS    MERL researchers presented four papers and organized a special session at The 14th IEEE International Electric Machines and Drives Conference
    Date: May 15, 2023 - May 18, 2023
    Where: San Francisco, CA
    MERL Contacts: Dehong Liu; Yusuke Sakamoto; Anantaram Varatharajan; Bingnan Wang
    Research Areas: Applied Physics, Control, Electric Systems, Machine Learning, Optimization, Signal Processing
    Brief
    • MERL researchers Yusuke Sakamoto, Anantaram Varatharajan, and
      Bingnan Wang presented four papers at IEMDC 2023 held May 15-18 in San Francisco, CA. The topics of the four oral presentations range from electric machine design optimization, to fault detection and sensorless control. Bingnan Wang organized a special session at the conference entitled: Learning-based Electric Machine Design and Optimization. Bingnan Wang and Yusuke Sakamoto together chaired the special session, as well as a session on: Condition Monitoring, Fault Diagnosis and Prognosis.

      The 14th IEEE International Electric Machines and Drives Conference: IEMDC 2023, is one of the major conferences in the area of electric machines and drives. The conference was established in 1997 and has taken place every two years thereafter.
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  •  NEWS    Arvind Raghunathan to Chair The 2022 Howard Rosenbrock Prize Committee
    Date: April 30, 2023
    MERL Contact: Arvind Raghunathan
    Research Area: Optimization
    Brief
    • Arvind Raghunathan, Senior Team Leader and Senior Principal Research Scientist with Optimization and Intelligent Robotics team, will serve as the Chair of The 2022 Howard Rosenbrock Prize Committee. Every year, Optimization and Engineering (OPTE) journal honors excellence in scientific research by presenting the Rosenbrock Prize to the best paper published in the previous year. The prize recognizes outstanding research contributions that demonstrate Howard Rosenbrock’s own dedication to bridging the gap between optimization and engineering.
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  •  NEWS    Anthony Vetro appointed President & CEO of Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories
    Date: April 1, 2023
    MERL Contact: Anthony Vetro
    Brief
    • Anthony Vetro has been appointed President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories (MERL), the research and development arm for Mitsubishi Electric Corporation in the U.S. In his role, Vetro will oversee all aspects of the lab’s operations; manage and direct its long-term goals, growth and return on investment; and collaborate closely with Mitsubishi Electric’s research counterparts in Japan on advancing the company’s global smart society and sustainability initiatives.

      Vetro previously served as Vice President & Director of MERL. In this role, he contributed to the strategic direction of the company where he established new research programs and led teams in a variety of emerging technology areas. He succeeds Richard C. Waters, a founding MERL member, who was CEO for 24 years, and will continue as chairperson.

      “Anthony has played a significant role in shaping MERL’s evolution as a premier research lab that drives innovation across all of our U.S. business units,” said Mike Corbo, chief representative for the America’s region. “His leadership will further advance our long-term vision to integrate our cross-industry products, services and technologies, and enable the interconnection of people-centric technology and systems that will help realize a truly sustainable smart society.”

      Vetro began his MERL career in 1996, where he conducted research in the area of multimedia signal processing, with a focus on video compression. His research contributed to the transfer and development of several technologies that were integrated into Mitsubishi Electric products, including digital television receivers and displays, surveillance and camera monitoring systems, automotive equipment, as well as satellite imaging systems. He holds a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from New York University – Tandon School of Engineering and is an IEEE Fellow.

      “MERL celebrated its 30th Anniversary last year, where we recognized our many innovations and the people that made them possible,” said Vetro. “I’m looking forward to working even more closely with our teams to further strengthen relationships among our business units and serve as technological bridge for product innovation throughout the next 30 years and beyond.”
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  •  AWARD    Best Paper Award of 2022 IPSJ Transactions on Consumer Devices & Systems
    Date: March 27, 2023
    Awarded to: Yukimasa Nagai, Takenori Sumi, Jianlin Guo, Philip Orlik, Hiroshi Mineno
    MERL Contacts: Jianlin Guo; Philip V. Orlik; Kieran Parsons
    Research Areas: Communications, Signal Processing
    Brief
    • MELCO/MERL research paper “IEEE 802.19.3 Standardization for Coexistence of IEEE 802.11ah and IEEE 802.15.4g Systems in Sub-1GHz Frequency Bands” has won the Best Paper Award of the 2022 IPSJ Transactions on Consumer Devices and Systems. The Information Processing Society of Japan (IPSJ) award was established in 1970 and is conferred on the authors of particularly excellent papers, which are published in the IPSJ journals and transactions. Our paper was published by the IPSJ Transaction on Consumer Device and System Vol. 29 in 2021 and authors are Yukimasa Nagai, Takenori Sumi, Jianlin Guo, Philip Orlik and Hiroshi Mineno.
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  •  NEWS    Jonathan Le Roux gives invited talk at CMU's Language Technology Institute Colloquium
    Date: December 9, 2022
    Where: Pittsburg, PA
    MERL Contact: Jonathan Le Roux
    Research Areas: Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Speech & Audio
    Brief
    • MERL Senior Principal Research Scientist and Speech and Audio Senior Team Leader, Jonathan Le Roux, was invited by Carnegie Mellon University's Language Technology Institute (LTI) to give an invited talk as part of the LTI Colloquium Series. The LTI Colloquium is a prestigious series of talks given by experts from across the country related to different areas of language technologies. Jonathan's talk, entitled "Towards general and flexible audio source separation", presented an overview of techniques developed at MERL towards the goal of robustly and flexibly decomposing and analyzing an acoustic scene, describing in particular the Speech and Audio Team's efforts to extend MERL's early speech separation and enhancement methods to more challenging environments, and to more general and less supervised scenarios.
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  •  NEWS    Rien Quirynen Appointed IPC Vice-Chair for the 8th IFAC Conference on NMPC 2024
    Date: August 27, 2024 - August 30, 2024
    Where: Kyoto, Japan
    MERL Contact: Rien Quirynen
    Research Areas: Control, Machine Learning, Multi-Physical Modeling, Optimization, Robotics
    Brief
    • MERL researcher Rien Quirynen has been appointed as Vice-Chair from Industry of the International Program Committee of the 8th IFAC Conference on Nonlinear Model Predictive Control, which will be held in Kyoto, Japan, in August 2024.

      IFAC NMPC is the main symposium focused on model predictive control, theory, methods and applications, includes contributions on control, optimization, and machine learning research, and is held every 3 years.
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  •  NEWS    Chris Laughman delivered two seminar talks for at the School of Engineering at Penn State
    Date: February 16, 2023 - February 17, 2023
    Where: Pennsylvania State University
    MERL Contact: Christopher R. Laughman
    Research Areas: Control, Machine Learning, Multi-Physical Modeling
    Brief
    • On February 16 and 17, Chris Laughman, Senior Team Leader of the Multiphysical Systems Team, presented lectures for the Systems, Robotics, and Controls Seminar Series in the School of Engineering, and for the Distinguished Speaker Series in Architectural Engineering. His talk was titled "Architectural Thermofluid Systems: Next-Generation Challenges and Opportunities," and described characteristics of these systems that require specific attention in model-based system engineering processes, as well as MERL research to address these challenges.
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  •  NEWS    Anthony Vetro participates in CES panel on renewable energy
    Date: January 7, 2023
    Where: Las Vegas, NV
    MERL Contact: Anthony Vetro
    Brief
    • Sustainability took center stage at the 2023 Consumer Electronics Show held in Las Vegas from Jan 5-8. Anthony Vetro, VP & Director at MERL, participated in a panel on "Renewable Energy, Renewable World" at CES 2023, where he spoke on renewable energy solutions including electric vehicles, energy resource management, and energy-efficient heat pumps.

      The panel was moderated by Hayden Fields, Senior Reporter at Morning Brew. Other panelists included Andrea Murphy (Director of Environmental Affairs and Sustainability, Panasonic) Enass Abo-Hamed (CEO, H2GO Power), and Giovanni Fili (Founder and CEO, Exeger).

      The video recording of the panel is available online:
      CES 2023 Panel on Renewable Energy, Renewable World

      Related article on sustainability panels at CES:
      https://impakter.com/sustainability-takes-center-stage-at-ces-2023/
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  •  AWARD    MERL paper wins major award from IEEE Computer Society
    Date: January 12, 2023
    Awarded to: William T. Freeman, Thouis R. Jones, and Egon C. Pasztor
    Awarded by: IEEE Computer Society
    Research Areas: Computer Vision, Machine Learning
    Brief
    • The MERL paper entitled, "Example-Based Super-Resolution" by William T. Freeman, Thouis R. Jones, and Egon C. Pasztor, published in a 2002 issue of IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, has been awarded a 2021 Test of Time Award by the IEEE Computer Society. This work was done while the principal investigator, Prof. Freeman, was a research scientist at MERL; he is now a Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT.

      This best paper award recognizes regular or special issue papers published by the magazine that have made profound and long-lasting research impacts in bridging the theory and practice of computer graphics. "This paper is an early example of using learning for a low-level vision task and we are very proud of the pioneering work that MERL has done in this area prior to the deep learning revolution," says Anthony Vetro, VP & Director at MERL.
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  •  NEWS    Jianlin Guo recently delivered an invited talk at 2022 6th International Conference on Intelligent Manufacturing and Automation Engineering
    Date: December 15, 2022 - December 17, 2022
    MERL Contacts: Jianlin Guo; Philip V. Orlik; Kieran Parsons
    Research Areas: Artificial Intelligence, Data Analytics, Machine Learning
    Brief
    • The performance of manufacturing systems is heavily affected by downtime – the time period that the system halts production due to system failure, anomalous operation, or intrusion. Therefore, it is crucial to detect and diagnose anomalies to allow predictive maintenance or intrusion detection to reduce downtime. This talk, titled "Anomaly detection and diagnosis in manufacturing systems using autoencoder", focuses on tackling the challenges arising from predictive maintenance in manufacturing systems. It presents a structured autoencoder and a pre-processed autoencoder for accurate anomaly detection, as well as a statistical-based algorithm and an autoencoder-based algorithm for anomaly diagnosis.
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  •  NEWS    Yebin Wang delivered an invited industry talk at the 1st IEEE Industrial Electronics Society Annual On-Line Conference
    Date: December 9, 2022 - December 11, 2022
    MERL Contact: Yebin Wang
    Research Areas: Communications, Control, Optimization
    Brief
    • Future factory, in the era of industry 4.0, is characterized by autonomy, digital twin, and mass customization. This talk, titled "Future factory automation and cyber-physical system: an industrial perspective," focuses on tackling the challenges arising from mass customization, for example reconfigurable machine controller and material flow.
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  •  NEWS    MERL Researchers gave a Tutorial Talk on Quantum Machine Learning for Sensing and Communications at IEEE GLOBECOM
    Date: December 8, 2022
    MERL Contacts: Toshiaki Koike-Akino; Pu (Perry) Wang
    Research Areas: Artificial Intelligence, Communications, Computational Sensing, Machine Learning, Signal Processing
    Brief
    • On December 8, 2022, MERL researchers Toshiaki Koike-Akino and Pu (Perry) Wang gave a 3.5-hour tutorial presentation at the IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM). The talk, titled "Post-Deep Learning Era: Emerging Quantum Machine Learning for Sensing and Communications," addressed recent trends, challenges, and advances in sensing and communications. P. Wang presented on use cases, industry trends, signal processing, and deep learning for Wi-Fi integrated sensing and communications (ISAC), while T. Koike-Akino discussed the future of deep learning, giving a comprehensive overview of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies, natural computing, emerging quantum AI, and their diverse applications. The tutorial was conducted remotely. MERL's quantum AI technology was partly reported in the recent press release (https://us.mitsubishielectric.com/en/news/releases/global/2022/1202-a/index.html).

      The IEEE GLOBECOM is a highly anticipated event for researchers and industry professionals in the field of communications. Organized by the IEEE Communications Society, the flagship conference is known for its focus on driving innovation in all aspects of the field. Each year, over 3,000 scientific researchers submit proposals for program sessions at the annual conference. The theme of this year's conference was "Accelerating the Digital Transformation through Smart Communications," and featured a comprehensive technical program with 13 symposia, various tutorials and workshops.
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  •  NEWS    MERL researchers presenting workshop papers at NeurIPS 2022
    Date: December 2, 2022 - December 8, 2022
    MERL Contacts: Matthew Brand; Toshiaki Koike-Akino; Jing Liu; Saviz Mowlavi; Kieran Parsons; Ye Wang
    Research Areas: Artificial Intelligence, Control, Dynamical Systems, Machine Learning, Signal Processing
    Brief
    • In addition to 5 papers in recent news (https://www.merl.com/news/news-20221129-1450), MERL researchers presented 2 papers at the NeurIPS Conference Workshop, which was held Dec. 2-8. NeurIPS is one of the most prestigious and competitive international conferences in machine learning.

      - “Optimal control of PDEs using physics-informed neural networks” by Saviz Mowlavi and Saleh Nabi

      Physics-informed neural networks (PINNs) have recently become a popular method for solving forward and inverse problems governed by partial differential equations (PDEs). By incorporating the residual of the PDE into the loss function of a neural network-based surrogate model for the unknown state, PINNs can seamlessly blend measurement data with physical constraints. Here, we extend this framework to PDE-constrained optimal control problems, for which the governing PDE is fully known and the goal is to find a control variable that minimizes a desired cost objective. We validate the performance of the PINN framework by comparing it to state-of-the-art adjoint-based optimization, which performs gradient descent on the discretized control variable while satisfying the discretized PDE.

      - “Learning with noisy labels using low-dimensional model trajectory” by Vasu Singla, Shuchin Aeron, Toshiaki Koike-Akino, Matthew E. Brand, Kieran Parsons, Ye Wang

      Noisy annotations in real-world datasets pose a challenge for training deep neural networks (DNNs), detrimentally impacting generalization performance as incorrect labels may be memorized. In this work, we probe the observations that early stopping and low-dimensional subspace learning can help address this issue. First, we show that a prior method is sensitive to the early stopping hyper-parameter. Second, we investigate the effectiveness of PCA, for approximating the optimization trajectory under noisy label information. We propose to estimate the low-rank subspace through robust and structured variants of PCA, namely Robust PCA, and Sparse PCA. We find that the subspace estimated through these variants can be less sensitive to early stopping, and can outperform PCA to achieve better test error when trained on noisy labels.

      - In addition, new MERL researcher, Jing Liu, also presented a paper entitled “CoPur: Certifiably Robust Collaborative Inference via Feature Purification" based on his previous work before joining MERL. His paper was elected as a spotlight paper to be highlighted in lightening talks and featured paper panel.
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  •  NEWS    MERL's Quantum Machine Learning Technology Featured in Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Press Release
    Date: December 2, 2022
    MERL Contacts: Toshiaki Koike-Akino; Kieran Parsons; Pu (Perry) Wang; Ye Wang
    Research Areas: Artificial Intelligence, Computational Sensing, Machine Learning, Signal Processing, Human-Computer Interaction
    Brief
    • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation announced its development of a quantum artificial intelligence (AI) technology that automatically optimizes inference models to downsize the scale of computation with quantum neural networks. The new quantum AI technology can be integrated with classical machine learning frameworks for diverse solutions.

      Mitsubishi Electric has confirmed that the technology can be incorporated in the world's first applications for terahertz (THz) imaging, Wi-Fi indoor monitoring, compressed sensing, and brain-computer interfaces. The technology is based on recent research by MERL's Connectivity & Information Processing team and Computational Sensing team.

      Mitsubishi Electric's new quantum machine learning (QML) technology realizes compact inference models by fully exploiting the enormous capacity of quantum computers to express exponentially larger-state space with the number of quantum bits (qubits). In a hybrid combination of both quantum and classical AI, the technology can compensate for limitations of classical AI to achieve superior performance while significantly downsizing the scale of AI models, even when using limited data.
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  •  AWARD    Arvind Raghunathan receives Roberto Tempo Best CDC Paper Award at 2022 IEEE Conference on Decision & Control (CDC)
    Date: December 8, 2022
    Awarded to: Arvind Raghunathan
    MERL Contact: Arvind Raghunathan
    Research Areas: Control, Optimization
    Brief
    • Arvind Raghunathan, Senior Principal Research Scientist in the Data Analytics group, received the IEEE Control Systems Society Roberto Tempo Best CDC Paper Award. The award was presented at the 2022 IEEE Conference on Decision & Control (CDC).

      The award is given annually in honor of Roberto Tempo, the 44th President of the IEEE Control Systems Society (CSS). The Tempo Award Committee selects the best paper from the previous year's CDC based on originality, potential impact on any aspect of control theory, technology, or implementation, and for the clarity of writing. This year's award committee was headed by Prof. Patrizio Colaneri, Politecnico di Milano. Arvind's paper was nominated for the award by Prof. Lorenz Biegler, Carnegie Mellon University, with supporting letters from Prof. Andreas Waechter, Northwestern University, and Prof. Victor Zavala, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
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  •  NEWS    MERL Researchers Presented Six Papers at the 2022 IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC’22)
    Date: December 6, 2022 - December 9, 2022
    Where: Cancún, Mexico
    MERL Contacts: Mouhacine Benosman; Karl Berntorp; Ankush Chakrabarty; Marcus Greiff; Devesh K. Jha; Arvind Raghunathan; Diego Romeres; Yebin Wang
    Research Areas: Control, Optimization
    Brief
    • MERL researchers presented six papers at the Conference on Decision and Control that was held in Cancún, Mexico from December 6-9, 2022. The papers covered a broad range of topics in the areas of decision making and control, including Bayesian optimization, quadratic programming, solution of differential equations, distributed Kalman filtering, thermal monitoring of batteries, and closed-loop control optimization.
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  •  NEWS    Karl Berntorp gave Spotlight Talk at CDC Workshop on Gaussian Process Learning-Based Control
    Date: December 5, 2022
    Where: Cancun, Mexico
    MERL Contact: Karl Berntorp
    Research Areas: Control, Machine Learning
    Brief
    • Karl Berntorp was an invited speaker at the workshop on Gaussian Process Learning-Based Control organized at the Conference on Decision and Control (CDC) 2022 in Cancun, Mexico.

      The talk was part of a tutorial-style workshop aimed to provide insight into the fundamentals behind Gaussian processes for modeling and control and sketching some of the open challenges and opportunities using Gaussian processes for modeling and control. The talk titled ``Gaussian Processes for Learning and Control: Opportunities for Real-World Impact" described some of MERL's efforts in using Gaussian processes (GPs) for learning and control, with several application examples and discussing some of the key benefits and limitations with using GPs for learning-based control.
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  •  NEWS    MERL researchers presenting five papers at NeurIPS 2022
    Date: November 29, 2022 - December 9, 2022
    Where: NeurIPS 2022
    MERL Contacts: Moitreya Chatterjee; Anoop Cherian; Michael J. Jones; Suhas Lohit
    Research Areas: Artificial Intelligence, Computer Vision, Machine Learning, Speech & Audio
    Brief
    • MERL researchers are presenting 5 papers at the NeurIPS Conference, which will be held in New Orleans from Nov 29-Dec 1st, with virtual presentations in the following week. NeurIPS is one of the most prestigious and competitive international conferences in machine learning.

      MERL papers in NeurIPS 2022:

      1. “AVLEN: Audio-Visual-Language Embodied Navigation in 3D Environments” by Sudipta Paul, Amit Roy-Chowdhary, and Anoop Cherian

      This work proposes a unified multimodal task for audio-visual embodied navigation where the navigating agent can also interact and seek help from a human/oracle in natural language when it is uncertain of its navigation actions. We propose a multimodal deep hierarchical reinforcement learning framework for solving this challenging task that allows the agent to learn when to seek help and how to use the language instructions. AVLEN agents can interact anywhere in the 3D navigation space and demonstrate state-of-the-art performances when the audio-goal is sporadic or when distractor sounds are present.

      2. “Learning Partial Equivariances From Data” by David W. Romero and Suhas Lohit

      Group equivariance serves as a good prior improving data efficiency and generalization for deep neural networks, especially in settings with data or memory constraints. However, if the symmetry groups are misspecified, equivariance can be overly restrictive and lead to bad performance. This paper shows how to build partial group convolutional neural networks that learn to adapt the equivariance levels at each layer that are suitable for the task at hand directly from data. This improves performance while retaining equivariance properties approximately.

      3. “Learning Audio-Visual Dynamics Using Scene Graphs for Audio Source Separation” by Moitreya Chatterjee, Narendra Ahuja, and Anoop Cherian

      There often exist strong correlations between the 3D motion dynamics of a sounding source and its sound being heard, especially when the source is moving towards or away from the microphone. In this paper, we propose an audio-visual scene-graph that learns and leverages such correlations for improved visually-guided audio separation from an audio mixture, while also allowing predicting the direction of motion of the sound source.

      4. “What Makes a "Good" Data Augmentation in Knowledge Distillation - A Statistical Perspective” by Huan Wang, Suhas Lohit, Michael Jones, and Yun Fu

      This paper presents theoretical and practical results for understanding what makes a particular data augmentation technique (DA) suitable for knowledge distillation (KD). We design a simple metric that works very well in practice to predict the effectiveness of DA for KD. Based on this metric, we also propose a new data augmentation technique that outperforms other methods for knowledge distillation in image recognition networks.

      5. “FeLMi : Few shot Learning with hard Mixup” by Aniket Roy, Anshul Shah, Ketul Shah, Prithviraj Dhar, Anoop Cherian, and Rama Chellappa

      Learning from only a few examples is a fundamental challenge in machine learning. Recent approaches show benefits by learning a feature extractor on the abundant and labeled base examples and transferring these to the fewer novel examples. However, the latter stage is often prone to overfitting due to the small size of few-shot datasets. In this paper, we propose a novel uncertainty-based criteria to synthetically produce “hard” and useful data by mixing up real data samples. Our approach leads to state-of-the-art results on various computer vision few-shot benchmarks.
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  •  NEWS    Members of the Speech & Audio team elected to IEEE Technical Committee
    Date: November 28, 2022
    MERL Contacts: Francois Germain; Gordon Wichern
    Research Area: Speech & Audio
    Brief
    • Gordon Wichern and François Germain have been elected for 3-year terms to the IEEE Audio and Acoustic Signal Processing Technical Committee (AASP TC) of the IEEE Signal Processing Society.

      The AASP TC's mission is to support, nourish, and lead scientific and technological development in all areas of audio and acoustic signal processing. It numbers 30 or so appointed volunteer members drawn roughly equally from leading academic and industrial organizations around the world, unified by the common aim to offer their expertise in the service of the scientific community.
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  •  NEWS    Bingnan Wang gave seminar talk at WEMPEC in University of Wisconsin-Madison
    Date: October 28, 2022
    MERL Contacts: Dehong Liu; Yusuke Sakamoto; Bingnan Wang; Jinyun Zhang
    Research Areas: Applied Physics, Data Analytics, Multi-Physical Modeling
    Brief
    • MERL researcher Bingnan Wang gave seminar talk at Wisconsin Electric Machines and Power Electronics Consortium (WEMPEC), which is recognized globally for its sustained contributions to electric machines and power electronics technology. He gave an overview of MERL research, especially on electric machines, and introduced our recent work on quantitative eccentricity fault diagnosis technologies for electric motors, including physical-model approach using improved winding function theory, and data-driven approach using topological data analysis to effectively differentiate signals from different fault conditions.

      The seminar was given on Teams. MERL researchers Jin Zhang, Dehong Liu, Yusuke Sakamoto and Bingnan Wang held meetings with WEMPEC faculty members before the seminar to discuss various research topics, and met virtually with students after the talk.
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  •  NEWS    Rien Quirynen to give an invited talk at the University of California Santa Cruz
    Date: November 14, 2022
    Where: Zoom
    MERL Contact: Rien Quirynen
    Research Areas: Control, Dynamical Systems, Optimization, Robotics
    Brief
    • Rien Quirynen will give an invited talk at the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of California Santa Cruz on "Real-time Motion Planning and Predictive Control by Mixed-integer Programming for Autonomous Vehicles". The talk will present recent work on a tailored branch-and-bound method for real-time motion planning and decision making on embedded processing units, and recent results for two applications related to automated driving and traffic control.
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