Recovery Analysis of Damped Spectrally Sparse Signals and Its Relation to MUSIC

    •  Li, S., Mansour, H., Wakin, M., "Recovery Analysis of Damped Spectrally Sparse Signals and Its Relation to MUSIC", Information and Inference: A Journal of the IMA, January 2021.
      BibTeX TR2021-008 PDF
      • @article{Li2021jan,
      • author = {Li, Shuang and Mansour, Hassan and Wakin, Michael},
      • title = {Recovery Analysis of Damped Spectrally Sparse Signals and Its Relation to MUSIC},
      • journal = {Information and Inference: A Journal of the IMA},
      • year = 2021,
      • month = jan,
      • url = {}
      • }
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  • Research Areas:

    Computational Sensing, Signal Processing


One of the classical approaches for estimating the frequencies and damping factors in a spectrally sparse signal is the MUltiple SIgnal Classification (MUSIC) algorithm, which exploits the low-rank structure of an autocorrelation matrix. Low rank matrices have also received considerable attention recently in the context of optimization algorithms with partial observations, and nuclear norm minimization (NNM) has been widely used as a popular heuristic of rank minimization for low-rank matrix recovery problems. On the other hand, it has been shown that NNM can be viewed as a special case of atomic norm minimization (ANM), which has achieved great success in solving line spectrum estimation problems. However, as far as we know, the general ANM (not NNM) considered in many existing works can only handle frequency estimation in undamped sinusoids. In this work, we aim to fill this gap and deal with damped spectrally sparse signal recovery problems. In particular, inspired by the dual analysis used in ANM, we offer a novel optimization-based perspective on the classical MUSIC algorithm and propose an algorithm for spectral estimation that involves searching for the peaks of the dual polynomial corresponding to a certain NNM problem, and we show that this algorithm is in fact equivalent to MUSIC itself. Building on this connection, we also extend the classical MUSIC algorithm to the missing data case. We provide exact recovery guarantees for our proposed algorithms and quantify how the sample complexity depends on the true spectral parameters. In particular, we provide a parameter-specific recovery bound for low-rank matrix recovery of jointly sparse signals rather than use certain incoherence properties as in existing literature. Simulation results also indicate that the proposed algorithms significantly outperform some relevant existing methods (e.g., ANM) in frequency estimation of damped exponentials. Spectral estimation, nuclear norm minimization, atomic norm minimization, MUSIC algorithm, low-rank matrix completion