Huffman-Coded Sphere Shaping for Extended-Reach Single-Span Links


Huffman-coded sphere shaping (HCSS) is an algorithm for finite-length probabilistic constellation shaping, which provides nearly optimal energy efficiency at low implementation complexity. In this paper, we experimentally study the nonlinear performance of HCSS employing dual-polarization 64-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (DP-64QAM) in an extendedreach single-span link comprising 200 km of standard singlemode fiber (SSMF). We investigate the effects of shaping sequence length, dimensionality of symbol mapping, and shaping rate. We determine that the naïve approach of Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution matching — which is optimal in the additive white Gaussian noise channel — provides a maximum achievable information rate (AIR) gain of 0.18 bits/4D-symbol with respect to uniform signaling at optimum launch power in the infinite length regime. Conversely, HCSS can achieve a gain of 0.37 bits/4Dsymbol over uniform signaling using amplitude sequence length of 32, which may be implemented without multiplications, using integer comparison and addition operations only. Coded system performance, with a net data rate of approximately 425 Gb/s for both shaped and uniform inputs, is also analyzed.


  • Related Publication

  •  Skvortcov, P., Phillips, I., Forysiak, W., Koike-Akino, T., Kojima, K., Parsons, K., Millar, D.S., "Huffman-Coded Sphere Shaping for Extended-Reach Single-Span Links", arXiv, August 2020.
    BibTeX arXiv
    • @article{Skvortcov2020aug,
    • author = {Skvortcov, Pavel and Phillips, Ian and Forysiak, Wladek and Koike-Akino, Toshiaki and Kojima, Keisuke and Parsons, Kieran and Millar, David S.},
    • title = {Huffman-Coded Sphere Shaping for Extended-Reach Single-Span Links},
    • journal = {arXiv},
    • year = 2020,
    • month = aug,
    • url = {}
    • }