Plug-and-Play FISTA for Solving Nonlinear Imaging Inverse Problems

    •  Kamilov, U., Mansour, H., Wohlberg, B., "Plug-and-Play FISTA for Solving Nonlinear Imaging Inverse Problems", IEEE Signal Processing Letters, DOI: 10.1109/​LSP.2017.2763583, Vol. 24, No. 12, pp. 1872-1876, March 2018.
      BibTeX TR2018-029 PDF
      • @article{Kamilov2018mar,
      • author = {Kamilov, Ulugbek and Mansour, Hassan and Wohlberg, Brendt},
      • title = {Plug-and-Play FISTA for Solving Nonlinear Imaging Inverse Problems},
      • journal = {IEEE Signal Processing Letters},
      • year = 2018,
      • volume = 24,
      • number = 12,
      • pages = {1872--1876},
      • month = mar,
      • doi = {10.1109/LSP.2017.2763583},
      • url = {}
      • }
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    Computational Sensing


In the past two decades, nonlinear image reconstruction methods have led to substantial improvements in the capabilities of numerous imaging systems. Such methods are traditionally formulated as optimization problems that are solved iteratively by simultaneously enforcing data consistency and incorporating prior models. Recently, the Plug-and-Play Priors (PPP) framework suggested that by using more sophisticated denoisers, not necessarily corresponding to an optimization objective, it is possible to improve the quality of reconstructed images. In this letter, we show that the PPP approach is applicable beyond linear inverse problems. In particular, we develop the fast iterative shrinkage/thresholding algorithm (FISTA) variant of PPP for model-based nonlinear inverse scattering. The key advantage of the proposed formulation over the original ADMMbased one is that it does not need to perform an inversion on the forward model. We show that the proposed method produces high quality images using both simulated and experimentally measured data.